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throwster, n.

Forms:  lME throwester, lME throwestre, lME 16– throwster, 15 throwstar, 16 throester, 16–17 throster. (Show Less)
Frequency (in current use): 
Origin: Formed within English, by derivation. Etymons: throw v.1, -ster suffix.
Now chiefly hist.

 1. A person who twists silk filaments into raw silk, or who twists together two or more single threads or yarns of silk to make silk thread or yarn. Later also: a company that manufactures silk thread or yarn (or similar types of synthetic yarn) in this way. Cf. silk throwster n., thrower n. 2a.Silk throwing was originally chiefly associated with women; cf. silk-woman n.Recorded earliest in silk throwster n.

1423   in B. Thuresson Middle Eng. Occup. Terms (1950) 205   Thom. Ivy, grocer, and Anneys his wife, sylkthrowster.
1455–6   Rolls of Parl.: Henry VI (Electronic ed.) Parl. July 1455 §55. m. 2   The silkewymmen and throwestres of the craftes and occupacion of silkewerk.
1530   J. Palsgrave Lesclarcissement 281/1   Throwstar, deuideresse de soye.
1620   T. Middleton & W. Rowley World Tost sig. Cv   Iob, a venerable Silke weauer, Iehu, a Throester, dwelling ith Spittle fields.
1678   E. Phillips New World of Words (new ed.)    Throster, one that twisteth Silk or Thred.
1716   London Gaz. No. 5401/4   A Worsted-Throwster by Trade.
1765   in Swift Wks. (rev. ed.) III. 209   A woman's clack, if I have skill, Sounds somewhat like a throwster's mill.
1837   J. R. McCulloch Statist. Acct. Brit. Empire II. iii. iv. 96   The throwsters of the metropolis where [sic] formed into a fellowship in 1562; but they were not incorporated till 1629.
1880   C. M. Mason Forty Shires 95   English throwsters did their work as well as those of Italy.
1939   Manch. Guardian 4 Nov. 3/4 (advt.)    Throwsters' Machinery, consisting of Winding, Doubling, Spinning..and Cheesing Frames.
1947   Financial Times 23 Oct. 5/3   The company carries on business as throwsters and processers of all types of silk and rayon, etc.
2017   S. Farmer Silk Industries of Medieval Paris ii. 51   The statutes for the throwsters working with large spindles named the usual variety of tasks that throwsters perform—reeling, throwing, doubling, and retwisting the yarns.

1423—2017(Hide quotations)


2. A dice thrower; a gamester, a gambler. Obsolete. rare.

1832   J. Wilson Noctes Ambrosianae lxii, in Blackwood's Edinb. Mag. Sept. 388   A certain bold throwster had swept the pool.
1864   G. A. Sala Quite Alone II. xv. 217   It was as much as ever room could be made for the desperate throwsters who played rouleaux of golden louis.

1832—1864(Hide quotations)


3. Perhaps: a person who throws pottery using a potter's wheel; = thrower n. 1b. Obsolete (hist. and rare).The use in quot. 1894   may represent a misinterpretation of sense 1. The sense is otherwise apparently unattested.

1894   H. Speight Nidderdale & Garden of Nidd 384 (note)    Throwsters and drysters were potters' craftsmen; the throwster being the man who works the wheel, and..forms by the pressure of his hand the ‘lining’ for the dish or cup.

1894—1894(Hide quotations)


This entry has been updated (OED Third Edition, September 2018).

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