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† throw, n.1


α. OE þrag, OE ðrag, OE–eME þrah, lOE ðrah- (in derivatives), eME þraȝe, eME þraȝhe ( Ormulum), ME drawe, ME tharu, ME thrau, ME thraue, ME trau, ME trawe, ME þraw, ME þrawe, ME (15 Sc.) thraw, ME (15 Sc.) thrawe; see also thrall n.2

β. eME þroȝe, eME þrou, ME drowe, ME throo, ME throrowe, ME trowe, ME þrow, ME þrowe, ME–15 throwe, ME–16 throw, lME prowe (transmission error).

γ. ME threwe.

(Show Less)
Origin: A word inherited from Germanic.
Etymology: < the same Germanic base as Old English þrǣgan to run, (of a star) to move along a particular course, and (with different ablaut: o-grade) Gothic þragjan to run < the same Indo-European base as Serbian and Croatian trčati to run, Bulgarian tărča I run.
In Old English a strong feminine (ō-stem) þrāg. The stem vowel ā is perhaps to be explained as the result of levelling from inflected forms before a back vowel; the expected form *þrǣg (reflecting the Germanic lengthened e-grade) is not attested.

 a. A period of time, a while; (later esp.) a very short one; an instant, a moment. Cf. thrall n.2Frequently in prepositional phrases, such as in a throw: in a moment, instantly. Also in noun phrases used adverbially, such as a (little, long, etc.) throw : for a (little, long, etc.) while.life-throw: see the first element.

OE   Genesis A (1931) 1426   Þær se halga bad, sunu Lameches, soðra gehata lange þrage.
OE   Paris Psalter (1932) cxxxviii. 13   Þeh min lichama lytle ðrage on niðerdælum eorðan wunige.
?c1200   Ormulum (Burchfield transcript) l. 3475   Wass mikell weȝȝe till þatt land..& forr þi wass hemm ned to don. God þraȝhe to þatt weȝȝe.
a1225  (?OE)    MS Lamb. in R. Morris Old Eng. Homilies (1868) 1st Ser. 33   Nis nawiht þeos weorld; al heo aȝeð on ane alpi þraȝe.
c1275  (?a1200)    Laȝamon Brut (Calig.) (1963) l. 322   He tæh hine aȝein ane þrowe.
c1330  (?a1300)    Arthour & Merlin (Auch.) (1973) l. 6976 (MED)   Þe bet ferd gret þrawe.
a1393   Gower Confessio Amantis (Fairf.) ii. l. 917 (MED)   The hihe makere of nature Hire hath visited in a throwe.
a1400  (a1325)    Cursor Mundi (Vesp.) l. 3281   Had he noght rested bot a thrau [Fairf. þraw, Trin. Cambr. þrowe].
a1450  (c1412)    T. Hoccleve De Regimine Principum (Harl. 4866) (1897) l. 444   A man schal stody, and musen a long throw Whiche is whiche.
c1500  (?a1437)    Kingis Quair (1939) xlv   Quhen I a lytill thrawe had maid my moon.
?1577   F. T. Debate Pride & Lowlines sig. Fii   They were defaced in a throw.
1578   J. Florio Firste Fruites f. 18v   So say I also. But from the said vnto the deed there is a great throw.
1590   Spenser Faerie Queene iii. iv. sig. Ff7   Downe himselfe he layd Vpon the grassy ground, to sleepe a throw.
1672   Chaucer's Ghoast 36   Winter..First maketh the winds for to blow, And after that within a throw It rains.

OE—1672(Hide quotations)


 b. A turn. by throws: by turns, alternately. in (also on) a throw : in turn, consecutively.

c1275  (?a1216)    Owl & Nightingale (Calig.) (1935) l. 260 (MED)   Lat me nu habbe mine þroȝe.
a1393   Gower Confessio Amantis (Fairf.) i. l. 410   After that cause and nede it ladde, Be throwes ech of hem it hadde.
c1450  (?a1400)    Wars Alexander (Ashm.) l. 1476   Thre dais on a thrawe be threpild to-gedire.
c1450  (a1425)    Metrical Paraphr. Old Test. (Selden) l. 18038 (MED)   Ylkon thrett hym in þer thraw.
a1500  (?a1400)    Wars Alexander (Trin. Dublin) l. 2046 (MED)   Þus iij dayes in a thraw þai threpyd euerelike.

c1275—a1500(Hide quotations)


 2. The time of occurrence of a particular event or happening; a particular time marked by an occurrence.Frequently in prepositional phrases, such as in this (or that) throw : at this (or that) time. Also in noun phrases used adverbially, such as the same throw : at the same time. many a throw: many a time, often.In Old English sometimes specifically implying hardship, peril, or distress; compare quots. OE1, OE2.

OE   Cynewulf Juliana 464   Is þeos þrag ful strong, þreat ormæte. Ic sceal þinga gehwylc þolian ond þafian on þinne dom.
OE   Beowulf (2008) 2883   Fergendra [read Wergendra] to lyt þrong ymbe þeoden, þa hyne sio þrag becwom.
OE   Blickling Homilies 117   Nis þæt eower..þæt ge witan þa þrage & þa tide þa þe Fæder gesette on his mihte.
c1330  (?a1300)    Arthour & Merlin (Auch.) (1973) l. 7124 (MED)   A kniȝt..bad him wende anon riȝt Toward Camalot..and so he dede in þat þrawe.
a1393   Gower Confessio Amantis (Fairf.) vi. l. 1027   This riche man the same throwe With soudein deth was overthrowe.
?a1430   Lament. Grene Tre l. 73 in F. J. Furnivall Minor Poems T. Hoccleve (1892) i. 2   O thynke how many a throwe Thow in myn armes lay.
a1450  (c1410)    H. Lovelich Merlin (1913) II. l. 9949   Ȝoure Ryng to taken me jn this threwe, To ȝoure cosin le-ownces that j myhte it schewe.
a1500  (a1460)    Towneley Plays (1994) I. xx. 238   Peter, thou shall thryse apon a thraw Forsake me or the cok-craw.
1513   G. Douglas tr. Virgil Æneid x. xiii. 53   The casting dart..Smate worthy Anthores the ilk thraw.

OE—1513(Hide quotations)